According to the November 9 United States Department of
Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA-NASS) Crop
Production Report, U.S. 2011 barley production is 155,780 thousand
bushels* from 2,239 thousand harvested acres. This is an
increase from the September USDA Small Grains 2011 Summary, which
reported production at 155.0 million bushels. The revised report was
prepared because the wet growing season delayed small grain harvest
nationwide. Although the reported number of harvested acres remained
steady in the second report, yields in Idaho and Washington increased, and
the average U.S yield increased from 69.2 to 69.6 bu/acre. However, 2011
production was the lowest of the last 10 years.
Quality surveys conducted by the Institute of Barley and Malt Sciences
(IBMS) in Montana, Minnesota, and North Dakota were completed in November.
Sample collection was coordinated by the USDA-NASS, Fargo, ND. Grain
quality evaluations were performed by the Department of Plant Sciences at
North Dakota State University (NSDU) and grade determinations were
completed by the North Dakota Grain Inspection Service in Fargo, ND.
An evaluation of Idaho barley quality coordinated by the Idaho Barley
Commission was completed in October. Idaho barley samples were graded at
the Idaho Grain Inspection Service in Pocatello, ID.
Seventy-six percent of 2011 U.S. barley was produced in Idaho, Montana,
North Dakota, Colorado, Washington, and Wyoming. Except for Washington,
which produces mostly feed varieties, the majority of production in these
states is malting varieties.
* Metric units of hectares and tonnes were converted with the following
1 hectare (ha) = 2.471 acres
1 metric ton = 2,204.620 lbs.
1 metric ton (barley) = 49.929 bushels
1 metric ton/hectare (barley) = 18.587 bu/acre