Barley acreage** in the U.S. has been declining since the 1980s and
currently available information indicates that 2011, with production of
168.2 million bushels, may be the lowest since 1936. At
2.73 million acres, U.S. acreage is 5 percent lower than in 2010. Seven
states (Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Washington, and
Wyoming) produce 75 percent of the barley in the U.S. Weather and growing
conditions were extreme in many of these states in 2011 and may have
impacted yield and quality of the crop.
Annual crop quality surveys conducted in Montana, Minnesota, and North
Dakota by the Institute of Barley and Malt Sciences at NDSU are in
progress. To date, harvest is 100 percent, 87 percent, and 98 percent
complete in Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota, respectively.
* U.S. barley harvest is not yet complete, and since production-based
statistics are not available until several months after harvest, we relied
on estimates for the 2011 crop. Since planting and production estimates
generally do not make a distinction between malting and feed, this report
covers total barley production. Also, since estimates are periodically
updated, and although we have endeavored to use the most recent data, some
inconsistencies may result. Planting and production estimates were from
the United States Department of Agricultural National Agricultural
Statistics Service (USDA-NASS).
** Metric units of hectares and tonnes were converted with the
1 hectare (ha) = 2.471 acres
1 metric ton = 2,204.620 lbs.
1 metric ton (barley) = 49.929 BU
1 metric ton/hectare (barley) = 18.587 BU/acre